A new study by the Public Religion Research Institute in partnership with Religion News Service is called “The Francis Effect? U.S. Catholic Attitudes on Pope Francis, the Catholic Church, and American Politics”… but it really should be called “Why the hell are all of you still Catholic?”
It turns out that on some of the most hot-button social issues of our time — like marriage equality and abortion rights — American Catholics are virtually indistinguishable from the general public on their views. That means they’re going against what the Church wants them to believe:
Catholics also do not differ markedly from the American public on the issue of same-sex marriage. A majority (55%) of Americans and six in ten (60%) Catholics favor allowing gay and lesbian couples to marry legally…
On the issue of abortion, Catholic attitudes generally mirror Americans overall. A majority (53%) of Americans say abortion should be legal in all or most cases, while 43% say it should be illegal. Among Catholics, a slim majority (51%) says abortion should be legal in all or most cases, compared to 45% who say it should be illegal.
The Catholic Church is very clear on these issues: Gay marriage is a sin and “homosexual acts are intrinsically disordered.” And yet 60% of Catholics have no problem with it.
When it comes to abortion, the Church is even more direct, calling it a “grave offense” (for anyone involved in the procedure) and insists “Human life must be respected and protected absolutely from the moment of conception.” And yet more than half of Catholics think it ought to be legal, at least in most cases.
So if you’re Catholic, why support an organization that goes against your personal beliefs?
We know some of the answers to this:
- The Church’s stances on those issues simply aren’t dealbreakers.
- Many Catholics like the tradition and ritual of Mass; they don’t really care about the Church’s positions on anything.
- There’s a lot of family pressure to remain in the Church.
- You’d like to see the Church change its positions on these issues, and you have a better chance of making that happen if you’re still a part of it.
- You’re Catholic in name only. Hell, you probably couldn’t tell us the Pope’s name if your life depended on it.
(And I haven’t even mentioned the child rape.)
If Catholicism meant “People who agree with the Catholic Church,” the numbers would drop precipitously. Instead, too many people define Catholicism as “People who like calling themselves Catholic.” So it’s not surprising that the Church seems to have little effect on what many Catholics think about social issues. For them, it’s just a label, not a worldview.
Case in point: A lot of Catholics seem to have no idea what Pope Francis has to say about gay marriage:
Nearly half of Catholics who support marriage equality think the Pope agrees with them, while 15% of Catholics who oppose gay marriage think Pope Francis is on the other side.
Both groups are wrong. The Pope, just like the Church, opposes it.
How do you not know that if you’re Catholic? Because you don’t pay attention or you just don’t care. And that’s what a lot of the Church is right now: A lot of people who are apathetic about religion, but who stay in the Church for reasons that have little to do with actual Catholic beliefs.